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When and how did biographers learn certain details? Since William Shakespeare lived more than years ago, and many records from that time are lost or never existed in the first place, we don't know everything about his life. For example, we know that he was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, miles northwest of London, on April 26, But we don't know his exact birthdate, which must have been a few days earlier.
We do know that Shakespeare's life revolved around two locations: Stratford and London. He grew up, had a family, and bought property in Stratford, but he worked in London, the center of English theater. As an actor, a playwright, and a partner in a leading acting company, he became both prosperous and well-known. Primary sources: Shakespeare Documented Visit Shakespeare Documented to see primary-source Married wm here documenting Shakespeare's life. This online resource of items from the Folger and other institutions brings together all known manuscript and print references to Shakespeare and his works, as well as additional references to his family, in his lifetime and shortly thereafter.
William Shakespeare was probably born on about April 23,the date that is traditionally given for his birth. He was John and Mary Shakespeare's oldest surviving child; their first two children, both girls, did not live beyond infancy.
Growing up as the big brother of the family, William had three younger brothers, Gilbert, Richard, and Edmund, and two younger sisters: Anne, who died at seven, and Joan. Their father, John Shakespeare, was a leatherworker who specialized in the soft white leather used for gloves and similar items.The Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton
A prosperous businessman, he married Mary Arden, of the prominent Arden family. John rose through local offices in Stratford, becoming an alderman and eventually, when William Married wm here five, the town bailiff—much like a mayor. Not long after that, however, John Shakespeare stepped back from public life; we don't know why. Shakespeare, as the son of a leading Stratford citizen, almost certainly attended Stratford's grammar school. Like all such schools, its curriculum consisted of an intense emphasis on the Latin classics, including memorization, writing, and acting classic Latin plays.
Shakespeare most likely attended until about age On Shakespeare Documented: Primary-source materials relating to Shakespeare's family. A few years after he left school, in lateWilliam Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway. She was already expecting their first-born child, Susanna, which was a fairly common situation at the time.
When they married, Anne was 26 and William was Anne grew up just outside Stratford in the village of Shottery. After marrying, she spent the rest of her life in Stratford. In earlythe couple had twins, Judith and Hamnet, completing the family. In the years ahead, Anne and the children lived in Stratford while Shakespeare worked in London, although we don't know when he moved there. Some later observers have suggested that this separation, and the couple's relatively few children, were s of a strained marriage, but we do not know that, either.
Someone pursuing a theater career had no choice but to work in London, and many branches of the Shakespeares had small families. Shakespeare's only son, Hamnet, died in at the age of His older daughter Susanna later married a well-to-do Stratford doctor, John Hall. Their daughter Elizabeth, Shakespeare's first grandchild, was born in Injust months before his death, Shakespeare's daughter Judith Married wm here Thomas Quiney, a Stratford vintner.
The family subsequently died out, leaving no direct descendants of Shakespeare. For several years after Judith and Hamnet's arrival innothing is known for certain of Shakespeare's activities: how he earned a living, when he moved from Stratford, or how he got his start in the theater. Following this gap in the record, the first definite mention of Shakespeare is in as an established London actor and playwright, mocked by a contemporary as a "Shake-scene. The next year, inShakespeare published a long poem, Venus and Adonis.
The first quarto editions of his early plays appeared in For more than two decades, Shakespeare had multiple roles in the London theater as an actor, playwright, and, in time, a business partner in a major acting company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men renamed the King's Men in Over the years, he became steadily more famous in the London theater world; his name, which was not even listed on the first quartos of his plays, became a regular feature—clearly a selling point—on later title s.
On Shakespeare Documented: Primary-source materials relating to Shakespeare as a playwright, actor, and shareholder. Shakespeare prospered financially from his partnership in the Lord Chamberlain's Men later the King's Men Married wm here, as well as from his writing and acting.
He invested much of his wealth in real-estate purchases in Stratford and bought the second-largest house in town, New Placein Among the last plays that Shakespeare worked on was The Two Noble Kinsmenwhich he wrote with a frequent collaborator, John Fletcher, most likely in He died on April 23, —the traditional date of his birthday, though his precise birthdate is unknown. We also do not know the cause of his death. His brother-in-law had died a week earlier, which could imply infectious disease, but Shakespeare's health may have had a longer decline.
The memorial bust of Shakespeare at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford is considered one of two authentic likenesses, because it was approved by people who knew him. The bust in the Folger's Paster Reading Room, shown at left, is a copy of this statue. The other such likeness is the engraving by Martin Droeshout in the First Folio edition of Shakespeare's plays, produced seven years after his death by his friends and colleagues from the King's Men. On Shakespeare Documented: Married wm here copy of Shakespeare's last will and testament.
On Shakespeare Documented: A timeline of Shakespeare's life. Our main building is closed for a multi-year renovation. All Folger programs and events will be held at other venues during construction. You are here Home Shakespeare Shakespeare's Life. Shakespeare's Life. Item Title:. Item Call :.FULL MATCH - Ronda Rousey \u0026 Kurt Angle vs. Triple H \u0026 Stephanie: WrestleMania 34
Luna Link:. View in our digital image collection. Item Creator:. Perine, George Edward,printmaker. Item Date:. New York : [s. Marriage and children A few years after he left school, in lateWilliam Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway. London theater For several years after Judith and Hamnet's arrival innothing is known for certain of Shakespeare's activities: how he earned a living, when he moved from Stratford, or how he got his start in the theater.
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